The knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in our body. The knee joint is prone to injury that can cause pain. Especially often the knees are injured when running. Let’s look at the main causes and treatments for knee pain. Knee pain can sometimes be caused by damage to various structures of the knee, such as cartilage, tendons, periarticular bags.
In addition to pain in the knee, the patient often complains of joint stiffness (decrease in its mobility) – knee flexion is impaired and small movements to the side suffer. Typical pains are accompanied by external modifications – joint redness, swelling, increase in volume, the inflamed joint is very warm to the touch. Such signs indicate the presence of inflammation – this is arthritis of the knee joint.
Injury (trauma) is the most common cause of knee pain. Acute (sudden) injuries can be caused by direct knee strikes, abnormal twisting, bending of the knee, or even falling onto the knee area. Pain, edema (bruising) can manifest itself strongly and begin to develop for several hours after the injury. Blood vessels or nerves, or when injured, can be damaged or crushed. The patient may feel numbness, weakness, coldness, and tingling in the lower leg or knee. In this article, Dr Debashish Chanda Best knee surgery doctor in Gurgaon explores the main causes of knee pain and the treatment options available for Knee pain.
Knee pain can be caused by acute injuries, including:
- Dislocation, sprain, injury to the tendons and ligaments that support the patella
- Rupture of the elastic cartilaginous disc of the knee joint (meniscus)
- Ligament ruptures, the tibial collateral ligament is an often-injured knee ligament
- Fracture of the patella
- Dislocation of the patella
- Knee misalignment is a fairly rare injury that requires a lot of force. Knee misalignment is a serious injury requiring immediate medical attention.
Knee pain can be caused by overuse injuries caused by repetitive movements or prolonged pressure on the knee area. Climbing stairs, bicycling, jumping and jogging quickly puts stress on joints and other tissues, and at times can lead to inflammation or irritation.
What diseases does the knee hurt?
Pain in and around the knee can be caused by:
- Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that can lead to knee pain, which is most severe in the morning and decreases throughout the day. Osteoarthritis often develops at the site of a previous injury. Rheumatoid arthritis like gout and lupus can lead to swelling and stiffness in the knee.
- Osgood-Spatter disease is a disease that causes pain, soreness, and swelling of the face of the knee in the area of the patella.
- Baker’s cyst (popliteal cyst) is the cause of the swelling on the back of the knee.
- Infectious arthritis, osteomyelitis, or septic bursitis can cause pain and limited knee movement.
- Sometimes knee pain is caused by a problem elsewhere in the body, such as a pinched nerve or hip problems.
- Osteochondritis dissecans is a cause of knee pain and stiffness. An element of bone or cartilage (or all together) inside the knee joint loses its blood supply and subsequently dies.
Knee Pain Treatment
The sooner you go to a traumatologist and the sooner you start to implement his recommendations, the sooner you will get rid of the excruciating pains, since a neglected chronic case is much more difficult and longer to treat, in some cases delayed treatment does not always give 100% result.
Especially with knee injuries, you should immediately see a doctor, and not self-medicate and let everything go by itself. No matter how expensive and good the medications and drugs taken are, their use can be useless, as well as dangerous – you can waste time and delay the correct and effective treatment of knee pain.
In the best case, after self-medication, you will only save yourself from the manifestation of pain in the knee for a long time, and at worst, serious complications can arise: arthritis, arthrosis, post-traumatic blockade, contracture, sometimes up to a complete loss of knee joint functions. Serious injuries such as rupture of tendons or ligaments, meniscus, and joint capsule often require surgical intervention.
Therefore, it is recommended to leave the choice of tactics for treating knee pain and experimenting with medicines and seek help from a doctor. The traumatologist will identify the true reason why the knee hurts and will prescribe the correct necessary treatment. The first thing a person needs to do is reduce the stress on the joint. It is advisable to use elastic bandages that will obstruct the blood supply. It is certainly best to keep the knee completely still during pain.